The Italian born Pietro Cardin has gone down in history with his French nom de guerre Pierre Cardin and his space-age designs which catapulted along with fellow designer Paco Rabanne the futuristic fashion scene. His brand has been among the first to branch out into all conceivable ancillary products, from accessories to fragrance. The latter encompass several aesthetic directions from the symbolically minimalistic to the figurative. The earliest fragrance editions originate from 1972 and the newest ones from 2009. Pierre Cardin fragrances are made in association with perfumers Martin Gras, Francoise Caron, Benoit Lapouza, Olivier Cresp and Daniel Moliere.